Thursday, 25 April 2013

Ir.Soekarno


Ir Soekarno known as the first President of the Republic of Indonesia as well as the Hero Proclamation, Sukarno, who used to be called Bung Karno, born in Blitar, East Java, June 6, 1901 and died on June 21, 1970 in Jakarta. When he was born is called Koesno Sosrodihardjo. His father named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his mother Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. During his life, he had three wives and was blessed with eight children. Fatmawati wife have children from Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati and thunder. Wife of Hartini have Typhoon and Bayu, while the wife Ratna Sari Dewi, Japanese derivatives woman's real name Naoko Nemoto Kartika have children ..

Soekarno childhood just a few years living with his parents in Blitar. During elementary school until graduation, he lived in Surabaya, lodger in the house Haji Said Oemar Tokroaminoto, veteran politician founder of Syarikat Islam. Then continue their education at HBS (Hoogere Burger School). While studying at HBS, Sukarno has galvanized spirit of nationalism. After graduating HBS in 1920, moved to London and continued to THS (Technische Hoogeschool or Engineering High School which is now the ITB). He won the title "Ir" on May 25, 1926.

Then, he formulated and established the doctrine Marhaenisme PNI (Nationalist Party lndonesian) on July 4, 1927, with the goal of independent Indonesia. As a result, the Netherlands, put into prison Sukamiskin, London on December 29, 1929. While incarcerated, Sukarno to rely on his wife. Whole needs supplied by Inggit assisted by older brother Sukarno, Sukarmini or better known as Mrs. Ward. When transferred to the prison Sukamiskin, supervision of Sukarno increasingly hard and tight.

He is classified as a dangerous prisoner. Even to isolate Sukarno in order not to receive information from the outside, he combined with the prisoners 'elite'. This resistance group composed mostly of Dutch people involved in corruption, fraud, or embezzlement. Of course, chat with them does not connect with the young Sukarno who were eager to discuss the struggle for independence. At best what is discussed is about food, the weather, and the things that are not important. The first few months of a prisoner in Sukamiskin Bung Karno communication with his compatriots breaking point at all. But the truth is, there are a variety of ways and Sukarno made sense to keep outside information.

It happened when the prison authorities allow Sukarno taken delivery of food and eggs from outside. Eggs are a Inggit merchandise is always strictly checked by guards before being accepted Bung Karno. As told by Mrs. Ward is quoted in the book 'The Young Bung Karno' InterCity Library published in 1978, the egg became a means of communication to spread outside the state prison. How, when Inggit send salted egg, it means bad news out there that befell fellow Bung Karno. But he could only guess the only bad news, because Inggit can not explain in detail.

Over time, Sukarno and Inggit then find more sophisticated ways to trick the Netherlands. The medium is still the same, eggs. However, the eggs had been stabbed with a fine needle and a more detailed message about the bad news it can be understood Bung Karno. One puncture in egg means all good news, two puncture means a friend were arrested, and three puncture means no large-scale ambushes against the independence movement activist.

During his sentence from December 1929 until released on December 31, 1931, Sukarno was never dijenguk by both parents who are Blitar. According to Ms. Ward, their parents Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai could not see that they are proud of the children were in the prison and dishonorable place in a powerless position.

Moreover, while in Sukamiskin, according to Ms. Ward, Soekarno conditions so skinny and black. But Bung Karno reasoned, he accidentally makes his skin turned black with work and moving out in the sun to heat up the bones. Because in the cell there is no sunlight, moist, dark, and cold. Eight months later a new trial. In his defense Sues titled Indonesia, he showed apostasy Netherlands, a nation that claimed more advanced it.

The defense made the Dutch more angry. So that in July 1930, the PNI was dissolved. After his release in 1931, Sukarno joined Partindo and well led. As a result, he was re-arrested by the Dutch and exiled to Ende, Flores, 1933. Four years later moved to Bengkulu.


After a long struggle, Bung Karno and Bung Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence on August 17, 1945. In BPUPKI session on June 1, 1945, Ir.Soekarno forward their ideas about the state he called Pancasila. Dated August 17, 1945, Ir Sukarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence. In the trial PPKI, August 18, 1945 Ir.Soekarno unanimously elected as the first President of the Republic of Indonesia.

Previously, he also managed to formulate that later became the basis of Pancasila (ideology) of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia. He tried to unite the archipelago. Even Sukarno tried to gather the nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America to the Asian-African Conference in Bandung in 1955, which later evolved into the Non-Aligned Movement.

President Soekarno during his lifetime is known to have charm, easily conquering beautiful women he wants. History records Bung Karno married nine times. But many do not know what women like Dawn's beloved Son. For business turns criteria Bung Karno male figure is not adventurous. Bung Karno attention will be easily sucked in if they see a simple woman who dress modestly. Then, how Bung Karno viewing women look sexy? Never in one shot while walking together with Fatmawati, Bung Karno told the judgment against her. At that time the Bung Karno really falling in love with Fatmawati.


"One evening when we were walking around together, Fatmawati ask me about the kind of women I like," said Soekaro in the book 'The Young Bung Karno' published by Inter-City Library. Bung Karno looked momentarily Fatmawati figure who was dressed modestly and decently. Bung Karno feeling really volatile, he's a little surprised at the question. "I looked at this country girl who dressed red baju kurung and yellow hooded diselubungkan politely. Told him, I love women with authenticity, not the modern women who wear short skirts, tight dresses and lipstick lips dazzling," said Soekarno.

"I prefer the old-fashioned woman who faithfully keep her husband and borne fetch his shoes. I do not like American women of the new generation, which I hear tell him to wash the dishes," he added. Maybe then Fatmawati Soekarno so fascinated to hear a straightforward answer. Until eventually mate them together. Fatmawati Sukarno married in 1943, and blessed with 5 children namely Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati, and thunder. "I like women who are happy with the kids a lot. I really love children," she said.

According to Mrs. Fatmawati, and Bung Karno he never celebrated the anniversary, silver wedding Never or gold wedding, wedding anniversary 1st, 2nd or 3rd course never. The reason is not because they do not ever remember getting married. This may be because the time of the wedding, the time of the war is being wrapped. At that time World War II was raging and new Japanese came to colonize Indonesia.

"We never celebrate a silver wedding or a golden wedding. Because we consider it a matter of trivial, while we are always faced with enormous problems great and terrible," recalls Mrs. Bung Karno Fatmawati in the book The Young, published by Inter-City Library, 1978 .

Bung Karno and marriage life is full of turmoil Fatmawati struggle. Two years after they married, Indonesia achieved independence. But this is not finished, just when it reached a peak of physical struggle. Bung Karno certainly involved in every important moments of national struggle. The couple gave birth to their first son, namely Guntur Soekarnoputra. Guntur Sukarno was born at the time was 42 years old. Next born Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati, and thunder. Bung Karno sons and daughters are known to have high artistic talent. It is not strange considering Bung Karno is an admirer of the works of art figure, while Mrs. Fatmawati very good at dancing.

Since childhood, Soekarno puppet love story. He memorized many wayang stories since childhood. While still in school in Surabaya, Sukarno was willing to stay up if there are all-night wayang. He also likes to draw puppet on her slate. Currently detained in any prison Banceuy wayanglah stories that give strength to Sukarno. Inspired by Billy Glass, Soekarno confident the truth will prevail, despite having lost many times before. He believes someday the Dutch colonizers will be defeated by the struggle of the Indonesian people.

"Puppet show in the cell is not only fun and cheer. He also soothe and empower myself. Black shadows in my head evaporate like fog and I can sleep soundly with the affirmation of faith. Whereas the good will triumph over evil , "said Soekarno in his biography, written by Cindy Adams' Bung Karno, Indonesia mouthpiece People's Bung Karno Foundation published in 2007. Sukarno not only love of Javanese culture. He also admired dances from around the country. Soekarno also so amazed to dance safely come that the people of Papua. Due Soekarno love the arts and culture, the State Palace filled with a variety of paintings, sculptures and other art objects. every go to the area, Soekarno always looking for something unique to the area. He appreciates every artist, humanists to gamelan. Soekarno will take the time to talk about art and culture every morning, in addition to talking politics.



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