Thursday, 7 May 2015

Jack Ma ( Chief Executive Officer of )

Jack Ma

Chief Executive Officer of

Jack Ma

Born in November, 1964, in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China. Education: Earned degree from Hangzhou Teachers Institute, 1988.
Addresses: Office —, 39899 Balentine Dr., Ste. 355, Newark, CA 94560.


Informal tour guide in Hangzhou, China, in the late 1970s; taught at Hangzhou Teachers Institute after 1988, and founded a translation agency; founded China Pages, one of the first commercial websites in China, c. 1995; worked for a joint telecommunications venture with Chinese government as a general manager, and for the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation seeking out new business; launched, 1999, and, 2003; signed deal with Yahoo! that made China's largest Internet company, 2005.


Jack Ma is the founder and chief executive officer of, a pioneer in China's growing information-technology sector. He launched in 1999 as an e-commerce site that facilitated business deals between companies in China and the rest of the world, and moved into consumer trading four years later with, an auction site that quickly bested eBay as the homegrown favorite. Ma is known for his excellent command of English idiom and business jargon mixed with traditional Chinese proverbs. In discussing the Taobao startup, he told Justin Doebele in Forbes Global that "eBay may be a shark in the ocean, but I am a crocodile in the Yangtze River. If we fight in the ocean, we lose—but if we fight in the river, we win."
Born in 1964, Ma grew up in Hangzhou, a city in an eastern coastal province of Zhejiang not far from Shanghai. As a youngster, Ma was determined to learn English, and once the first foreign visitors began arriving in Hangzhou thanks to China's new economic policies that opened up the country to the outside world in the late 1970s, he began showing up at the single hotel in Hangzhou that hosted the foreign tourists. For the next nine years, he came daily and offered a free tour of the city for English-speaking guests, which allowed him to practice his conversational English skills. He made his first trip outside of China in 1985 when he traveled to Australia. He recalled being stunned by the obvious prosperity, he told the San Francisco Chronicle some years later. "I was educated in China that we were the richest country in the world and that we were the happiest people in the world."
Ma earned a degree from the Hangzhou Teachers Institute in 1988, and took a job as a teacher there when he finished. His English skills were by then so proficient that he founded his own translation agency, and worked with some of the first U.S. companies doing business in China. In 1995, he traveled to the United States for the first time as an interpreter for one such venture, and contacted a friend from China who was living in Seattle by then. That stint as a houseguest provided his first contact with a personal computer, which were virtually nonexistent in China at the time. It was also his first contact with the Internet. "I was scared, because very few companies in China had computers. Computers were considered very high technology and very expensive," he remembered in the interview with the San Francisco Chronicle . "So my friend said, 'Jack, it's not a bomb, just touch whatever you want.'" Fascinated, he asked his friend to help him put up a website for his translation business, and began receiving e-mails almost immediately.
The Internet was an entirely new idea in China, but Ma returned and became one of the country's first Web entrepreneurs, though this was still the dial-up connection era. "The day we got connected to the Web, I invited friends and TV people over to my house," he told New York Times writer David Barboza, "[and] we waited three and a half hours and got half a page. We drank, watched TV and played cards, waiting. But I was so proud. I proved the Internet existed." He soon launched China Pages, an Internet company that is believed to have been the first commercial website in China, with $2,000 he borrowed from family and friends, and spent a little over a year as general manager for a joint telecommunications venture with Chinese government. That failed, and he took a job with the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation, which served to introduce him to Yahoo!'s Taiwan-born co-founder Jerry Yang in 1998.
Inspired once again to test China's free-market information-technology waters on his own, he culled enough money—this time, $60,000—from a new batch of investor-friends to launch in 1999. Designed as a business-to-business (B2B) marketplace that connected buyers and sellers of various goods, it quickly emerged as a successful new player in the global bazaar, and another round of financing—this one $25 million—arrived when some major financial players showed interest. Among them were the Wall Street investment bank Goldman Sachs, and Japanese Internet entrepreneur Masayoshi Son. hit the one-million user mark in March of 2002, and finally began making money later that year, as Ma had promised its backers. Initially it had been free to join, but offered a host of extras, such as personalized Web pages, that brought in revenue. He hoped to someday take the company public, which is based in his hometown of Hangzhou—one of China's fastest-growing cities—but its formal paperwork was filed in Hong Kong to take advantage of the island-city's special economic status. "Alibaba is founded by Chinese, but it's not a Chinese company," he asserted in the San Francisco Chronicle . "It belongs to Alibaba's users, all over the world."
In 2003, Ma stepped into the consumer online auction marketplace with, which means "searching for treasure." It quickly emerged as a serious rival to eBay, a relative newcomer to the Chinese consumer market, and its success helped Ma ink a historic 2005 deal with Yahoo!, the U.S.-based online consumer services provider. Yahoo! bought a 40 percent stake in for $1 billion. In return, Alibaba—valued at the time of the deal as worth $4 billion—assumed control over Yahoo! China's operations. His company was now China's largest Internet company, with Ma as chief executive officer.
The Yahoo! deal allowed Ma to begin working on his next Internet triumph: to make Yahoo!'s Chinese-language search engine as pared-down and fast as Google or Baidu, the top search engine in China at the time. Yahoo! China does have to abide by some freedom-of-information restrictions imposed by the Chinese government, such as automatically blocking domestic-user access to websites about Chinese political reform or human rights. Ma is a firm believer, however, in the revolutionary possibilities that technology brings. "The Internet in China is definitely improving China in many ways: financially, politically and socially," he told the San Francisco Chronicle . "Today, I think the Chinese government is changing very quickly. Whether it's because of the Internet or not, I don't know."



Forbes , July 17, 2000, p. 74.
Forbes Global , April 25, 2005, p. 30.
Japan Inc. , May 2003, p. 14.
New York Times , August 15, 2005.
San Francisco Chronicle , May 7, 2006, p. F1.


"Net Search in China," BusinessWeek Online htm (July 22, 2006).

Lionel Messi ( Lionel Andrés Messi )

Lionel Messi
Lionel Messi Player of the Year 2011.jpg
Messi playing for Barcelona at the 2011 FIFA Club World Cup
Personal information
Full nameLionel Andrés Messi[1]
Date of birth24 June 1987 (age 25)[1]
Place of birthRosario, Argentina[1]
Height1.69 m (5 ft 7 in)[1]
Playing positionForward
Club information
Current clubBarcelona
Youth career
1995–2000Newell's Old Boys
Senior career*
2003–2004Barcelona C10(5)
2004–2005Barcelona B22(6)
National team
2004–2005Argentina U2016(11)
2007–2008Argentina U235(2)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 18:03, 5 May 2013 (UTC).
† Appearances (Goals).
‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 15:38, 27 March 2013 (UTC)
Lionel Andrés "LeoMessi (Spanish pronunciation: [ljoˈnel anˈdɾes ˈmesi], born 24 June 1987) is an Argentine footballer who plays as a forward for La Liga club FC Barcelona and the Argentina national team. He serves as the captain of his country's national football team. By the age of 21, Messi had received Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year nominations. The following year, in 2009, he won his first Ballon d'Or[2] and FIFA World Player of the Year awards. He followed this up by winning the inaugural FIFA Ballon d'Or in 2010,[3] and again in 2011[4] and 2012.[5] He also won the 2010–11 UEFA Best Player in Europe Award. At the age of 24, Messi became Barcelona's all-time top scorer in all official club competitions.[6]At age 25, Messi became the youngest player to score 200 La Liga goals.[7][8]
Consistently rated by commentators, coaches and colleagues as the best footballer in the world and as one of the greatest players in the history of the game,[9][10][11][12][13][14] Messi is the first football player in history to win four FIFA/Ballons d'Or, all of which he won consecutively. Messi has won six La Ligas, two Copas del Rey, five Supercopas de España, three UEFA Champions Leagues, two Super Cups and two Club World Cups. In March 2012, Messi made Champions League history by becoming the first player to score five goals in one match.[15] He also matched José Altafini's record of 14 goals in a single Champions League season.[16] Messi became the first player to top-score in four successive Champions League campaigns.[17][18] He set the European record for most goals scored in a season during the 2011–12 season, with 73 goals.[19] In the same season, he set the current goalscoring record in a single La Liga season, scoring 50 goals.[20] On 16 February 2013, Messi scored his 300th Barcelona goal.[21] On 30 March 2013, Messi scored in 19 consecutive La Liga games, becoming the first footballer in history to net in consecutive matches against every team in the league.[22]
Messi was the top scorer of the 2005 FIFA World Youth Championship with six goals. In 2006, he became the youngest Argentine to play in theFIFA World Cup and he won a runners-up medal at the Copa América tournament the following year, in which he was elected young player of the tournament.[23] In 2008, he won his first international honour, an Olympic gold medal, with the Argentina Olympic football team. Sportspro has rated Lionel Messi as the third most marketable athlete in the world.[24] His playing style and stature have drawn comparisons to compatriot Diego Maradona, who himself declared Messi his "successor".[25]

Career statistics


As of 12 May 2013.

Reserve teams

Barcelona CTercera2003–04105
Barcelona BSegunda B2003–0450

Senior team



As of 26 March 2013

International appearances