Pythagoras was born in the year 570 BC, on the island of Samos, in the Ionia area. Pythagoras (582 BC - 496 BC, Greek: Πυθαγόρας) was a Greek mathematician and philosopher who is best known through teoremanya.Dikenal as the "Father of Numbers", he gave an important contribution to philosophy and religious teaching in the late 6th century BC. The life and teachings are not so clear due to the many legends and stories about him made.

In the Greek tradition, is told that he traveled widely, including to Egypt. Pythagoras travel to Egypt is one of his attempts to sit, gain knowledge, to the priests in Egypt. That said, because of extraordinary intelligence, the priests who visited felt unable to accept Pythagoras as a disciple. However, in the end he was accepted as a pupil by the priests at Thebes. Here he studied a variety of mysteries. In addition, Pythagoras also studied at Caldei priests to study Astronomy, the priests Phoenesia to study Logistics and Geometry, at the Magi to learn the mystic rites, and in the encounter with Zarathustra, he studied the theory of resistance.

After wandering in search of knowledge, Pythagoras returned to Samos and continue searching for his philosophy as well as a teacher for children Polycartes, tyrant ruler of Samos. In approximately 530 years, because it does not agree with the government tyrannos Polycartes, he moved to the city of Kroton in southern Italy. In this city, Pythagoras founded a religious congregation which later became known as "The Phytagorean."

The Phytagorean

The phytagorean very instrumental in forwarding thinking Pythagoras. Their famous motto is "authos epha, IPSE dixit" (he himself said so) .2 These people are organized according to the rules of living together, and every person shall obey. They consider the philosophy and science as a way of life, means that every person shall be clean, so that the escape of the transmigration of souls constantly.Among the followers of Pythagoras in later developing two streams. The first is called akusmatikoi (akusma = what he had heard; rules): they heed purification by obeying all the rules carefully. The second is called mathematikoi (mathesis = science): they give priority to science, especially science.

Pythagoras thought

Pythagoras believed that numbers rather than elements such as air and water are widely believed to be the elements of all things. Numbers instead of natural elements. Basically the Phytagorean assume that the views Anaximandros about to close Apeiron also with a view Pythagoras. To Apeiron release opposing elements for a balance or fairness (dikhe). Pythagoras expressed the view that harmony occurs due to numbers. When all things are numbers, then this does not mean that everything can be calculated, assessed and measured by the numbers in a proportional relationship and regular, but thanks to the figures everything into a harmonious, balanced. In other words, the order of going through the numbers.

One is the famous relic Pythagoras Pythagorean theorem, which states that the square of the hypotenuse of a right triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the legs (the sides of the elbow). Although the facts in this theorem has been widely known before the birth of Pythagoras, but is credited to Pythagoras theorem because he was the first to mathematically prove this observation.

Pythagoras and his students believed that everything in the world is related to math, and feels that everything can be predicted and measured in rhythmic cycles. He believes the beauty of mathematics due to all natural phenomena can be expressed in numbers or number comparisons. When his Hippasus find that \ sqrt {2}, hypotenuse of a right triangle isosceles right-angled to the side of each one, is an irrational number, Pythagoras decided to kill him because they could not refute the evidence presented Hippasus

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