Saturday, 18 May 2013

Biography of Jeanne d'Arc - French Heroine


 Jeanne d'Arc was born in Lorraine, France, January 6, 1412 - died in Rouen, Normandy, France, May 30, 1431 at the age of 19 years, (in English: Joan of Arc) is the heroine of France and saint (saint) in Catholicism. In France he was nicknamed La Pucelle which means "the virgin" or "virgin". He claimed to have received a revelation, he believed came from God, and use it to evoke the spirit of Charles VII troops to reclaim their former territory controlled by Britain and the Burgundians during the Hundred Years' War.

Jeanne was born in Domremy in 1412 of Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée. His parents were farmers who had about 50 acres of land. His father also small positions in local government and in charge of collecting taxes and security heads the city. The family lived in an isolated area in the northeastern region that remained loyal in French though surrounded by Burgundian territory. Some attacks occur in childhood Jeanne, where on one attack, his village was burned.
Jeanne confessed that he gained enlightenment (vision) first around 1424. According to him, St. Michael, St. Catherine, and St. Margaret told her to drive the English and bring the dauphin to Reims to be appointed as king. At the age of sixteen (1428), he asked one of his family, Durand Lassois, to take her to Vaucouleurs. He asked the local garrison commander, Count Robert de Baudricourt, for permission to visit the great hall at Chinon France. Answer sarcastic Baudricourt not shrink intentions. He returned again in January and managed to get the support of two people: Jean de Metz and Bertrand de Poulegny. With their support, he managed to obtain a second chance to talk in which he managed to make predictions about the defeat at the Battle of the Herrings near Orléans.
Jeanne was commissioned to undertake the siege of Orléans by Charles VII as king of the city liberation efforts. He became known for successfully ending the siegein just nine days. Other victories were gained, finally managed to take the coronation of Charles VII in Reims.
After the coronation, his forces continued military operations to try, which is unfortunately less successful. Jeanne refused to back down even when he was injured while trying to capture Paris in the autumn of that year. As a result of intrigues in the palace, since he was only getting a small army, and finally captured the following spring in a battle in Compiègne. The court held political motives British convict heretical (heresy). English local authorities - John from Bedford - ordered to punish Jeanne with burnt alive in Rouen. He became a hero of his nation at the age of seventeen, but died at the age of nineteen years.
Twenty-four years later, after the British were driven out of France, his mother - Isabelle - have convinced Inquisitor-General, and the Pope Kallixtus III to reopen Joan's case. This process eventually succeeded in aborting the charges against him by the UK [3]. Pope Benedict XV conduct towards Jeanne canonization on May 16, 1920.
Jeanne is an important figure in the history or culture of the west. Since the days of Napoleon to the present, French politicians of various parties have evoked memories of him. Many writers and composers, including Shakespeare, Voltaire, Schiller, Verdi, Tchaikovsky, Twain, Shaw, and Brecht, has created numerous works about him.
Jeanne d'Arc died in an execution. Witnesses described the atmosphere execution on May 30, 1431. Tied to a tall pole, he asked the two officers, Martin Ladvenu and Isambart de la Pierre for holding the cross in front of him. He repeatedly said, "in a loud voice calling the name of Jesus and begged and prayed unceasingly to help saints from heaven." After he died, the British people and showed her unload the charcoal that has been scorched to ensure that no one can claim that he survived the punishment, then burn his body to ashes again and prevent the collection of relics. They threw the ashes into the river Seine.

1 comment:

  1. An interesting review and quotes,thanks! Vintage postcards of Basilique Notre-Dame de Bonsecours (wonderful interior!) by the Joan of Arc memorial in Rouen led us to a tale of a mother’s love, faith and Joan d’Arc. Joan's mother Isabelle Romée was nearly as remarkable as her daughter!


give me a one like to support me...