Friday, 17 May 2013

Biography of Saint Nicholas - Legend of Santa Claus


St. Nicholas was born in Patara, Lycia et Pamphylia, Turkey on March 15, 270. He was known for his salvation for all people, that became known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker.
She has a secret that is secret gift-giving, such as putting coins in the shoes of those who left their shoes outside, climb a chimney and provide food and clothing assistance, it is thus, he became the model for Santa Claus. Feast day of Saint Nicholas is celebrated on December 6.
Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors, merchants, warrior, thief, child, pemukut excise and students in various cities and countries throughout Europe. He also pelindungVarangian Guard of the Byzantine emperors, who protected the relics in Bari.
In the Eastern Church, he was honored as the patron of sailors, while in the Western Church, he is revered as a protector of children, and servants of the poor girl who was not able to hold his marriage. But not much is known of his life, except that he was elected Bishop of Myra in the fourth century, located in Lycia. He was a bishop of innocence, vigorously and relentlessly defend those who are oppressed and the poor.
At the time of persecution and spread of heresies, it strengthens their faith and protect its people from the influence of heresies. The fame of his name as a bishop spawned numerous stories flattery. So many stories are interesting and touching.
He is the only son of wealthy Christian parents named Epiphanius and Johanna.
He is very religious though still small, and according to legend, Nicholas was said to have strict fasting canonical Wednesday and Friday. The wealthy parents died of an epidemic while Nicholas was still young and he was then raised by his uncle-also named Nicholas-who was the bishop of Patara. He taught the young Nicholas Nicholas read and then ordained as a priest.
At 325, he was one of the many bishops who answers the query appears in Constantine and the Council of Nicea. There is a story, that Nicolas was a faithful follower of the anti-Arian and Orthodox Christian position defender, and one of the bishops who signed the Nicene Creed.
Church legend states that during the process of Nicea, Nicolas became very angry at the position of Arius who claimed that Jesus Christ was a created being, and not fully God. So he walked to Arius and slapped his face.
St. Nicholas died on December 6, 340. According to local legend, some of his remains brought by three pilgrims to a church in what is now called Nikolausberg up to its name by the Germans.

It is said that in Myra the relics of Saint Nicholas which are annually emit a clear watery liquid which smells like rose water, called manna (or myrrh), which is believed by the faithful has magic powers.
After the relics were taken to Bari, they continued to do so, much to the joy of the new owners. Bottle nut of the relics have been taken all over the world for centuries, and can still be obtained from his church in Bari. Even to this day, a bottle of manna is extracted from the tomb of Saint Nicholas every year on 6 December by the clergy of the basilica. Nuts collected in a sarcophagus which is located in the basilica vault and could obtained in the shop nearby.
The liquid gradually seeps out of the grave, but it is unclear whether it comes from the body in the grave, or from the marble itself, because it is the port city of Bari, and the tomb is below sea level, there are some natural explanation of the liquid manna, including transfer of seawater to the tomb by capillary forces.

In 1993 a grave was found in a small Turkish island Gemile, east of Rhodes, which historians believe is the tomb of Saint Nicholas.

Another legend tells how a terrible famine struck the island. Saint Nicholas, visiting the region to care for the hungry, not only saw a terrible crime, but he also raised three boys with her prayers.

One version says that he usually threw one bag for three consecutive nights. He threw the wallet for three years, every night before one of the girls were born. Always, every time the father of the girls waited, trying to discover the identity of the benefactor

During the great famine that occurred in the years 311-312 Myra, a ship is in port, which is filled with wheat for the Emperor in Constantinople. Nicholas invited the sailors to unload a part of the wheat to help local people who are starving.
The sailors at first disliked the request, because the wheat had to be weighed accurately and must be given to the Emperor. But when Nicholas promised them that they would not suffer a loss because of shortage of wheat, the sailors agreed. Finally the sailors left almost half in the area.
When they arrived later in the capital to deliver the grain to the emperor, they were very surprised:. Weight did not change, although wheat has been given in Myra that was enough for two full years and could even be used for sowing.
Legend of Santa Claus
St. Nicholas made the first inroads into American popular culture towards the end of the 18th century. In December 1773, and also in 1774, a New York newspaper reported that groups of Dutch families had gathered to honor the anniversary of his death.

The name of Santa Claus (Santa Claus) evolved from Nick's Dutch nickname, Sinter Klaas, a shortened form of Sint Nikolaas (Dutch for Saint Nicholas). In 1804, John Pintard, a member of the New York Historical Society, distributed woodcuts of St. Nicholas at the society's annual meeting. Background of the engraving contains now familiar Santa images including stockings filled with toys and fruit hung over a fireplace. In 1809, Washington Irving helped to popularize the Sinter Klaas stories when he referred to St. Nicholas as the patron saint of New York in his book, The History of New York.

Sinter Klaas was described as everything from a "rascal" with a three-cornered hat blue, red waistcoat, and yellow stockings to a man wearing a wide-brimmed hat and a "pair of Flemish trunk hose great."

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